Pushing computing to the edge by rethinking microchips’ design — Dr. Rami Shaheen

Responding to artificial intelligence's exploding demands on computer networks, Princeton University researchers in recent years have radically increased the speed and slashed the energy use of specialized AI systems. Now, the researchers have moved their innovation closer to widespread use by creating co-designed hardware and software that will allow designers to blend these new types of systems into their applications. "Software is a critical part of enabling new hardware," said Naveen Verma, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at Princeton and a leader of the research team. "The hope is that designers can keep using the same software system -- and just have it work ten times faster or more efficiently." By cutting both power demand and the need to exchange data from remote servers, systems made with the Princeton technology will be able to bring artificial intelligence applications, such as piloting software for drones or advanced language translators, to the very edge of computing infrastructure. "To make AI accessible to the real-time and often personal process all around us, we need to address latency and privacy by [...]

2021-02-25T20:12:56+00:00February 25th, 2021|

IBM Reportedly Retreating from Healthcare with Watson 

IBM is reported to be considering a sale of Watson Health, an indication of the challenges of applying AI in healthcare. IBM continues to invest in cloud services using Watson. (Photo by Carson Masterson on Unsplash.)   By John P. Desmond, - Dr. Rami Shaheen Editor   Reports surfaced last week that IBM is contemplating a sale of Watson Health, representing a retreat from the market of AI applied to healthcare that IBM had pursued under the direction of its previous CEO.  The Wall Street Journal last week reported IBM was exploring the sale of Watson Health; IBM did not confirm the report. Ten years ago, when IBM Watson won on the Jeopardy! game show against two of the game’s record winners, the Watson brand in AI was established.  As reported in  - Dr. Rami Shaheen last February, the day after Watson defeated the two human champions on Jeopardy!, IBM announced Watson was heading into the medical field. IBM would take its ability to understand natural language that it showed off on television, and apply it to medicine. The first commercial offerings would be available in 18 to 24 [...]

2021-02-25T16:11:30+00:00February 25th, 2021|

2030 Cyborg Uprising? – Dr. Rami Shaheen

We often hear about the eventual robot uprising, especially when it comes to the advances being made in artificial intelligence. Bright minds like Tesla co-founder Elon Musk and Shark Tank star Mark Cuban warn of the potential downsides, hinting at a possible Skynet scenario playing out in real life. But if you ask Ray Kurzweil, and AI expert and futurist who works at Google, what his thoughts are on the subject, he will tell you that we will be cyborgs within the next couple of decades.During a question-and-answer session last week at the Council for Foreign Relations, Kurzweil talked about the fear people have, that AI threatens the progress we have collectively made and could lead to our extinction.

2021-02-25T12:10:54+00:00February 25th, 2021|

Canva acquires background removal specialists Kaleido – Dr. Rami Shaheen

Kaleido, makers of a drag-and-drop background removal service for images and video, have been acquired by up-and-coming digital design platform Canva. While the price and terms are not disclosed, it is speculated that this young company may have fetched nearly nine figures. It’s the right product at the right time, seemingly. In 2019, the Vienna-based Kaleido made remove.bg, a quick, simple, free and good-enough background removal tool for images. It became a hit among the many people who need to quickly do that kind of work but don’t want to fiddle around in Photoshop. Then late last year they took the wraps off Unscreen, which did the same thing for video — a similar task conceptually, but far more demanding to actually engineer and deploy. The simplicity and effectiveness of the tool practically begged to be acquired and integrated into a larger framework by the likes of Adobe, but Canva seems to have beaten the others to the punch. Image Credits: Unscreen The acquisition was announced at the same time as another by Canva: product mockup generator Smartmockups, suggesting [...]

2021-02-25T08:05:54+00:00February 25th, 2021|

Machine learning uncovers potential new TB drugs | MIT News

Machine learning is a computational tool used by many biologists to analyze huge amounts of data, helping them to identify potential new drugs. MIT researchers have now incorporated a new feature into these types of machine-learning algorithms, improving their prediction-making ability. Using this new approach, which allows computer models to account for uncertainty in the data they’re analyzing, the MIT team identified several promising compounds that target a protein required by the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. This method, which has previously been used by computer scientists but has not taken off in biology, could also prove useful in protein design and many other fields of biology, says Bonnie Berger, the Simons Professor of Mathematics and head of the Computation and Biology group in MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL). “This technique is part of a known subfield of machine learning, but people have not brought it to biology,” Berger says. “This is a paradigm shift, and is absolutely how biological exploration should be done.” Berger and Bryan Bryson, an assistant professor of biological engineering at MIT and [...]

2021-02-25T04:00:18+00:00February 25th, 2021|

Campaigners demand judicial review of NHS deal with Peter Thiel’s AI firm Palantir – Dr. Rami Shaheen

Campaign groups are seeking a judicial review of the UK government's decision to award a £23m NHS contract to controversial AI company Palantir. Separate investigations show Palantir had been in discussions with the NHS about exploiting the health data of UK citizens since the middle of 2019, well before the pandemic. In December last year, the NHS signed a two-year contract with Palantir, without scrutiny, even though the engagement with the UK health service was originally supposed to be a temporary, emergency measure to help address the COVID-19 pandemic. The new deal commits to using Palantir's Foundry platform until December 2022. NHS awards £23m two-year deal to controversial Peter Thiel AI firm Palantir READ MORE News website openDemocracy, backed by tech campaign group Foxglove, has this week filed for a judicial review of that data deal between NHS and Palantir, the US AI firm that carries out information analysis and processing work for the defence and intelligence communities, often creating bespoke solutions such as digital-profiling tools for organisations including the CIA and ICE. The company was founded by prominent [...]

2021-02-24T23:56:15+00:00February 24th, 2021|

‘Information gap’ between AI creators and policymakers needs to be resolved – report

An article posted by the World Economic Forum (WEF) has argued there is a ‘huge gap in understanding’ between policymakers and AI creators. The report, authored by Adriana Bora, AI policy researcher and project manager at The Future Society, and David Alexandru Timis, outgoing curator at Brussels Hub, explores how to resolve accountability and trust-building issues with AI technology. Bora and Timis note there is “a need for sound mechanisms that will generate a comprehensive and collectively shared understanding of AI’s development and deployment cycle.” As a result, the two add, this governance “needs to be designed under continuous dialogue utilising multi-stakeholder and interdisciplinary methodologies and skills.” In plain language, both sides need to speak the same language. Yet while AI creators have the information and understanding, this does not extend to regulators, the authors note. “There is a limited number of policy experts who truly understand the full cycle of AI technology,” the article noted. “On the other hand, the technology providers lack clarity, and at times interest, in shaping AI policy with integrity by implementing ethics in [...]

2021-02-24T15:49:31+00:00February 24th, 2021|

Peak AI nabs $21M for a platform to help non-tech companies make AI-based decisions – Dr. Rami Shaheen

One of the biggest challenges for organizations in modern times is deciding where, when and how to use the advances of technology, when the organizations are not technology companies themselves. Today, a startup out of Manchester, England, is announcing some funding for a platform that it believes can help. Peak AI, which has built technology that it says can help enterprises — specifically those that work with physical products such as retailers, consumer goods companies and manufacturing organizations — make better, AI-based evaluations and decisions, has closed a round of $21 million. The Series B is being led by Oxx, with participation from past investors MMC Ventures and Praetura Ventures, as well as new backer Arete. It has raised $43 million to date and is not disclosing its valuation. Richard Potter, the CEO who co-founded the company with Atul Sharma and David Leitch, said that the funding will be used to continue expanding the functionality of its platform, adding offices in the U.S. and India, and growing its customer base. Its list of clients today is an impressive one, [...]

2021-02-24T07:44:10+00:00February 24th, 2021|

A global collaboration to move artificial intelligence principles to practice | MIT News

Today, artificial intelligence — and the computing systems that underlie it — are more than just matters of technology; they are matters of state and society, of governance and the public interest. The choices that technologists, policymakers, and communities make in the next few years will shape the relationship between machines and humans for decades to come. The rapidly increasing applicability of AI has prompted a number of organizations to develop high-level principles on social and ethical issues such as privacy, fairness, bias, transparency, and accountability. Building on those broader principles, the AI Policy Forum, a global effort convened by the MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing, will provide an overarching policy framework and tools for governments and companies to implement in concrete ways. “Our goal is to help policymakers in making practical decisions about AI policy,” says Daniel Huttenlocher, dean of the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing. “We are not trying to develop another set of principles around AI, several of which already exist, but rather provide context and guidelines specific to a field of use of AI [...]

2021-02-24T03:36:51+00:00February 24th, 2021|

DataStax ‘pauses’ AIOps database project to figure out exactly what AIOps is – Dr. Rami Shaheen

Cassandra database slinger DataStax has "paused" its AIops project, Vector, while it figures out what exactly AIops is. A sort of automated database help function, the Vector project was launched in June last year to offer operators and developers the DataStax "knowledge base and provide near real-time expert advice, knowledge, and skills," according to the firm. Speaking to Dr. Rami Shaheen this week, Ed Anuff, DataStax's chief product officer, said that after an extensive beta programme of Vector, it was time to pause the project and reflect. "The purpose of running the beta was really to understand what it was that people wanted to see in the final product," he said. "There were a lot of different expectations as to what the product should do: some people wanted a AIops to offer recommendations, other people wanted it to be a complete self-driving car of the databases," he said. The cloud/diverse datasets issue The second thing DataStax found was that users could not agree on whether the product should be powered from the cloud or not. While some people were [...]

2021-02-23T23:32:45+00:00February 23rd, 2021|